Pedagogical Beliefs and ICT Integration

Reflection
From reading articles about this topic such as the Peggy A. Ertmer article it is clear that there is an existing confusion for teachers and whether or not they should teach using technology to suit the children or teach in their old ways, which dose not include various forms of technology.
Teaching is always changing in different aspects, depending on the students – which should be seen as the most important factor in the teaching world. Students needs, wants and interests need to be catered for through teaching methods otherwise they will not be motivated. Teachers need to be influenced that change is good and they will gain something from altering their teaching ways and learning new methods of teaching. It is clear that this wont be an easy task for teachers although it will be worth it in the long run as these students are the adults of the future.
I personally believe it is vital for teachers to learn the new technologies in order to cater for their students. If teachers are able to learn these new technologies and insert them into their teaching methods the students will benefit greatly.


Learning Styles

This style suits all ICT learning styles as the articles speak about teachers learning to integrate ICT tools into their lessons.

Cognitive Tool
Through introducing technology into the classroom will decrease the confusion between home use of technology and school use. The technology knowledge of students will increase as they are constantly surrounded by it and they can explore to further develop their awareness and ability to use technology. When children use technology they think and assess what is at hand. They discover different ways to research and broaden their knowledge.

Development of Creativity
The students are using a different medium to the teacher in order to do things. This highlights the creativity. Students and their peers will learn off each other as they teach each other new ways to do things, better ways or quicker ways to achieve an effective outcome. If the teachers learn how to incorporate technology into their classroom their creativity will develop immensely also.

Mobile Learning

Reflection
Mobile learning is a great way to incorporate one of the students favored past times while at school. Mobiles are a thing of today, they are constantly being used by children these days therefore would make sense if they were effectively incorporated into the classroom.

Learning Styles
This ICT supports most learning styles as it caters for the growing demand for technology. These days children are growing up with mobiles, ipods, iphones, ipads, computers and many other technology tools therefore it is fair that we cater for these students. By introducing mobile learning into the classroom, students will feel their beliefs are respected. The students will automatically know how to use most aspects of the phone already therefore no teaching of the use of the technology will not be very time consuming. Students are able to download applications that are relevant to the learning subject and refer them to other students, broadening their topic knowledge.

Cognitive Tool
Technology comes natural to children these days, at the same time students are constantly thinking what’s happening or what’s next. Through using the mobile technology in class they will further develop their mobile skills as they learn off each other and through self-exploration. This ICT tool forces the user to discover the capabilities of the implement and use them effectively. Students need to know how to use these capabilities appropriately, by doing so they are required to think about ho they can make the ICT tool suitable for the learning subject. Thinking of different ways to do something is developing their cognitive skills also.

Scramble is a great example of an application that will increase the students cognitive skills:

Development of Creativity
The fact that students are using mobiles for learning indicates the creativity already developed. Through mobiles different applications, creativity is catered for through things like paint, photos, games and other tools. Creativity is constantly developed as students explore and widen their knowledge.

Social Constructivism

Reflection
Social constructivism is a great teaching method. The students are all catered for – which is a priority when teaching. The classroom is differentiated allowing students to develop at their own pace. They don’t feel pressure or difficulty when in the classroom.

Learning Styles
Social Constructivism is a theory developed by Lev Vygotsky. The theory was developed as a way of accommodating all learning styles in a classroom. This theory involves an active and involved teacher to the lead the classroom in stimulating activities where the students can play in order to discover and develop knowledge. Therefore this theory supports and caters for every learning style, as it is the teacher’s role to accommodate every student’s learning abilities and preferences.

Cognitive Tools
Social constructivism allows students to develop cognitive skills as they are thinking on their own behalf. Students are encouraged to develop their own thoughts and ideas about something they might see in ICT such as a website. After viewing something on screen they can research it further rather then only having a paper or a book as a resource. Through this the students are constantly developing their thinking skills surrounding a subject matter or ICT in general and how to use it appropriately. Also this teaching style allows the students to communicate therefore their thinking skills and talking skills are constantly being developed and enhanced.

Development of creativity
Through the social constructivist approach, ICT is displayed in a different view for the students. The students develop creativity through stimulating ICT tools or simply interacting with different ICT implements. Students are able to create their own aspects in ICT tools and explore different ways to do things.

An online game is an effective way to stimulate students to work. The online games are motivating as Students learn in an interactive way. This is an example of a Learning object from the internet that may be used for Students in the low years while learning Maths.
– Math Popper

ICT as a Cognitive Tool (Webquests)

Learning Styles
ICT aids support learners in a number of different ways. Webquests in particular provide teaching to be delivered to different learning styles. Webquests allow students to “think outside the box”. This teaching aid allows the children to expand their knowledge on a specific topic as they are taken through suitable activities using the internet or other resources. The students would appreciate this style, as it is associated with the computer and exploring.

Cognitive Tools
The webquests are a great cognitive tool. They demand high-level thinking as children attempt answering questions and finding resources to do so. The activities are created to be motivating so that children want to learn, which is when children gain most out of their learning experiences.

Development of Creativity
Because webquests are completed on the computer, students are able and forced to add their own contribution to the pages. They can decorate answers or incorporate boarders or add appropriate images. This allows the students to freely create a finished product they contributed to.

Reflection
Webquests are a quality teaching aid. After viewing different webquests and creating our own it was interesting to see the different learning styles that they are able to cater for. They are made interactive for the students helping their motivation levels. Webquests need to be stimulating for children otherwise they will become bored and un-enthusiastic. I would defiantly look to using webquests in my classroom in the future, as they are effective in different ways; cognitive, creative and innovative aspects are enhanced. I would make sure the webquests are appropriate to class topics and year standard while making sure they enjoy the tasks and gaining the most from the situation.

Digital Natives Debate

Descriptive Reflection:
Marc Prensky’s article outlines the debate between learning styles of Digital Natives and Digital Immigrants. The differences between the two are clear, there are various aspects that highlight the dissimilarity. The students of today who have grown up with technology are recognized as the digital Natives, therefore the digital immigrants identify those who were not born into the digital world (Prensky, 2001). These digital immigrants are the teachers of today, therefore the learning styles between the two differ which make it hard to educate on a level that suits both parties. At the end of the article a conclusion was stated. The conclusion suggested the digital immigrants change their teaching styles in order to cater for their students along with their learning styles. The digital immigrants need to allow themselves to comprehend the native’s beliefs and their preferred learning styles.

Critical Reflection:
I believe this article was a fair and reasonable portray of what is happening in classrooms today. The way in which the article suggests digital immigrants change their ways to suit the natives is a fair judgment. The only way digital natives will learn is if the teaching styles suit them. They need to be doing it in an interactive way they enjoy rather then feeling forced to learn.
Digital Natives vs Digital Immigrants Debate Mind map

Learning Styles
Graphic organiser’s are an effective aid for teaching. They are used constantly in different ways, sometimes group work and individual work or class discussions. They help organise content in a quick and effective way. Inspiration is a computer program that allows detailed, efficient mind maps to be produced. This type of ICT support suits the learning styles of visual learners as they like to see content in a clear way preferably over large amounts of writing that needs to be read and de-coded. This aid also supports the students with neat style who prefer to complete something quickly as thoughts come to their head.

Cognitive Tools
Cognition involves thinking. The way in which graphic organisers, in particular inspiration used to produce mind maps in this case involves cognitive aspects is wide. When producing or reading a mind map the students involved are constantly thinking. They aim to quickly come up with something relevant to add to the growing mind map. The mind map has no restrictions therefore everyone’s opinions or comments are valid. While doing these as a class, classroom discussions begin which stimulate more thought. Students validate their opinions while listening to other student’s opinions.

Development of Creativity
Creativity is being developed through the use of graphic organisers. Students become creative with their opinions as they let their minds view different sides of content. Also the way in which they present a graphic organiser becomes a creative factor. The way students choose to display their mind maps suggests their personality and beliefs. There are no requirements as to how a graphic organiser should be presented therefore this is where the students creative sides come into play.